A small 11 course baroque lute. The original Hans Frei lute probably started life as a 6c renaissance lute, but in its current condition it is a conversion to 11 courses, as below
Pitch: f, String length: 65 cm
Medium-sized baroque lute, can also be built as a 10 course renaissance lute
Pitch: f, String length: 65-70 cm
A deep-bodied baroque lute that can be built with 11 courses, or with 13 courses with a short extension (bass-rider), or with 13 courses with long extension (swan neck).
Pitch: e' or f', String length: 70 cm
Hear the 11c Hoffmann, played by Arto Wikla:
Based on the Jauck 1746 mandora in Brussels, shown here with 10 courses and built on the Hoffmann body, which is almost the same size as the original. A loud continuo instrument with very few musical sources, tuned like a modern guitar. Also called gallichon.
Pitch: e', String length: 70 & 85 cm
Germanisches Nationalmuseum MIR903. German swan neck type, 72-74cm & 99cm with 13 courses, tuning in a=415Hz. Elegent inlays on fingerboard and pierced design on the pegboxes. Due to its long string length, this lute is probably meant to be strung in D-minor tuning without the top f-string, as what is called a German theorbo.